As Lunar New Year is an extremely the meaningful occasion to everybody from different regions, different countries all around the world. A multitude of practices could be seen from each of regions and they stand for the identity of that place. Likewise, Sapa contains the abundance of unusual ones due to gathering groups of Ethnic people.
One of the common grounds you may find that Lunar New Year is when all family members united altogether or even a big reunion for members who have been away from their hometown for a long time. Besides the excitement to welcome New Year, typical traditions reflect the trait of each ethnicity by how they worship ancestors, clean things up, and unite for a family dining. These points seem to be very usual and simple yet it is what captivates tourists come to Sapa. Let’s get to know how ethnic people have their daily activities in Lunar New Year.
1. The Nung Din
After celebrating New Year’s Eve, females are allowed to set themselves free thorough 3 days. Alternately, this is a real holiday for women that they do not need to do housework and house chores like usual, they are treated as “queen”. In respect of feeding livestock, caring farm harvest, washing and cooking, everything will be handled by the men. This is an exceptional culture has been associated with honor to embrace women’s dedication, how they spent their ages of youth to look after their family with the longing for happiness.
2. The Tay
Following prohibitions, eating duck and dog meat, picking vegetables, cleaning and washing are strictly forbidden within 3 holidays. This practice is spiritual belief-based action in order to protect families from encountering the unfortunate and to safeguard their assets not to be detached and loss of accruement.
3. The Giay
In Tet Holidays, families are on the race to making must-have foods, such as sticky rice cake Banh Chung, Banh Bong, Banh Khao in the ordinal arrangement, respectively, and serve them all as a part of worshipping ancestors. This is the demonstration of huge achievement that their ancestors had gained and passed down to generations through times and symbolize the cultural beauty of religious belief.
4. The H’Mong
In the early morning of the first day, it is said people should not wake each other to avoid sickness. Men shall be self-awaking and do the cooking, feeding and no fluting. Specifically, at New Year’s Eve night, they have to spread banana leaves on stove and whole kitchen for not causing any wet traces. In ethnic notions, if there be wet traces within the kitchen area, family accidentally sows a seed of perfect storm and they may be suffering “disasters” for the entire year.
5. The Dao
In the early morning of the first day, the Dao families get ready to go to the forest and bring a knife, hoe, hammer with them in preparation for New Year’s “grand opening”. When returning to home, they will bring two stones and leave it at beneath of ancestors’ table with the belief of gold-coming-home. Also, they are only permitted to eat vegetables and fruits, drink tea and wine except for meat for Tet holidays.
6. The Ha Nhi
A practice seems to be at odds on the night of New Year’s Eve, steal neighbor’s garlic as sowing the seeds of fortune. In the morning of the first day, avoiding going out or visiting neighbors is the first concept, thence, families dislike having someone pay a visit to their house for keeping out of the unfortunates.
7. The Tu Di
Similar to the Dao, the foods on served specifically are vegetables, banh Khoải, tofu, lentils, and nuts. Extremely prohibited towards splitting water on the house floor, specifically watering cigarette pipe due to the symbol of uncleanness.
8. The Phu La
First – NO COOKING!
According to belief-based concepts, people are not allowed cooking for avoiding the sense of catching fire when they burn fire on the stove, and indeed nobody wants to have fire accident at the beginning of the year.
Second – PRAYER!
All family members have to unite and gather around in the house to pray for Nature deities and crave for progenitors to grant their wish of fortune.
9. The La Chi
In the evening of New Year’s Eve, people pick 12 unalike plant leaves representing for 12 months of the year, then boiling these leaves and eating them for the belief of self-wellness. In the first day of Tet, picking or bringing plants home, eating vegetables are not allowed and only pork is permitted for meals.