“Tò he” toys are sculptured figurines fashioned from colored rice dough, that make not only Vietnamese children but also adults feel so interesting…
So, if you want to make an unforgettable tour to Vietnam, why don’t you once try making this kind of toy? It won’t be easy but not so hard that you can’t make a product of your own and bring it home as a souvenir to remember about the trip.
In the old days, when comics and illustrated books had yet come into existence in Vietnam, “tò he” was made to depict different heroes and ordinary people of daily life, symbolic animals like dragon or phoenix or daily-viewed water buffalos, flowers and all beautiful things in fairy and history tales. Children gathered at the common place of the village to listen to stories, see the king and mandarins in their elaborate costumes made by skillful craftsmen to imagine the whole vivid world of heroes and fairies.
A to he craftsman is creating art by his normal hands
The village of Xuan La in Phu Xuyen District, Hanoi is well-known for its skill in making delicate “tò he” toys. “Tò he” makers do not teach the craft to women because the fathers fear their daughters will reveal precious trade secrets to their husbands’ families.
1. Interesting characteristics
According to an old man in Xuan La Village, the recipe for success in making “tò he” lies in the preparation of the dough. The craftsman first grinds rice into fine powder, then pours water into the powder and mixes it until he achieves a sticky lump. He places the lump in a pot of water, brings the water to a boil, and cooks the paste for an hour. When the lump rises to the water’s surface, dips, and rises again, the craftsman removes it from the pot. Then he applies seven colors: white. black, green, yellow, violet, pink, and red. Miraculously, the different colors never stain one another when he assembles the parts of a to he.
The simple beauty of “tò he”
Many generations of Vietnamese children have been overjoyed when their mothers return from market with a “tò he”. Children can even eat “tò he” after playing with them. Each Xuan La craftsman embarking on the “tò he” trade learns to humor customers, especially children. The lesson of humanity is the first one every Xuan La villager bears in mind. “If we love people, they will surely come to us,” “tò he” makers say.
Making “tò he” does not bring much profit. The materials of rice paste, bamboo-stick holders, colorings are inexpensive and locally available. A craftsman only charges customers for his patience and care. Customers can place their orders, watch the craftsman mold the toy, and be pleased with the results in minutes. A “tò he” can depict a person, a famous general, a folk-tale character, an animal, or a flower. The makers remember the characteristics of every subject. They are experts in using exactly the right amount of paste to form each separate part of each kind of toy as if these skills were an inborn talent.
2. The meaningful lessons
It was also the moment when the tradition, lessons of virtues and morals were passed on to the young generation. Xuan La village is the place where passionate craftsmen follow generations of family to carry on with their “tò he” toys and the adventure of imaginative figurines despite the overwhelming influx of modern toys and illustrated books.
Each “tò he” product has its own story
Today, plastic and electronic toys flood city and countryside markets. Although “tò he” cannot compete, Xuan La villagers still struggle to maintain their traditional trade. At present, about 300 villagers make “tò he”. Everyday Xuan La villagers travel to different corners of the countryside – from hamlets to markets to parks – selling “tò he” to children and “tò he” lovers.
Xuan La villagers take pride that, nowadays, “tò he” makers can be found nationwide and even abroad in China, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand. This proves that the craft has not entirely disappeared. Although a “tò he” is small, it embodies a lot of the sentiment, honor and industry that began with Xuan La villagers long, long ago.
“Tò he’’ made simple but wonderful gifts of love and tenderness to children who were longing for mother coming back from market shift. These simple toys still give children immense joy during the Mid-Autumn festival.